Marriage In The Qur’an And Sunnah Of The Prophet (S) (2022)

By Saleem Bhimji

One of the recognized and indisputable commandments of Islam is that of marriage - the sacred union that takes place only between a man and a woman. In relation to this revered bond, there are many verses of the noble Qur’an and countless ahadith that encourage marriage for any single man or woman - of any age or background. This is not only limited to the young brothers and sisters who have never been married and are looking for their life mate, but even those who have been through divorce have also been encouraged to re-marry and to "complete" their faith.

From the ocean of traditions and verses of the Qur’an on this topic, we quote the following:

وَأَنْكِحُوا الْأَيَامَىٰ مِنْكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ إِنْ يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

"Marry the single people from among you and the righteous slaves and slave-girls. If you are poor, Allah (SwT) will make you rich through His favour; and Allah (SwT) is Bountiful, All-Knowing." (24:32).
In this verse, Allah (SwT) commands us (by Him using the imperative form of the verb) to marry the single, righteous man/woman from among us. Allah (SwT) even gives us a guarantee that if we are poor or lack the proper funds, still we should not delay the marriage as Allah will take care of the couple and grant them bounties from His Grace and Mercy.

وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ

(Video) The Permissibility of Temporary Marriage in the Qur'an & Sunnah Pt. 1 | Dr. Sayed Mostafa Al-Qazwini

"And let those who cannot find someone to marry maintain chastity until Allah (SwT) makes them rich through His favours ..."(24:33)

In the continuation of Surah 24, in the above quoted verse, Allah (SwT) commands the believers to remain chaste and faithful if they cannot find a suitable spouse to marry until Allah (SwT) grants them bounties out of His favors. Thus, one must not resort to evil, sin or illicit sexual relationships because they cannot find a permanent spouse.

One such avenue open to those who cannot afford to marry a woman in Nikah, as the Qur’an has commanded us and the numerous ahadith from the Prophet of Islam (S) and his 12th Infallible successors, the Aimmah (as) have done is to perform the Muta and marry a man or woman in "temporary marriage" so as to be able to fulfill our natural desires in a legal and permitted means:

وَأُحِلَّ لَكُمْ مَا وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَنْ تَبْتَغُوا بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ فَمَا اسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْهُنَّ فَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا تَرَاضَيْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْفَرِيضَةِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

"... and besides these, it is lawful for you to marry other women if you pay them their dowry, maintain chastity and do not commit indecency. So those (women) whom you marry for an appointed time, you must give them their agreed upon dowries. There is no harm if you reach an understanding among yourselves about the dowry, Allah (SwT) is All-Knowing and All-Wise." (4:24).

This is a commandment from Allah (SwT) which was not only mentioned in the Qur’an, but which He commanded his last and greatest Prophet (S) to convey to the Ummah, which can never be made forbidden by anyone as that which Muhammad (S) has made halal is halal until the Day of Judgement and that which he has made haram will remain haram until the Day of Judgement.

In another verse of the Qur’an, Allah (SwT) compares the husband and wife to garments for one another:

هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَهُنَّ ۗ

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"They (your wives) are a clothing (covering) for you and you too are a clothing (covering) for them." (2:187).

In our day-to-day life, we see many uses for clothing. Not only does our dress act as a beautification for ourselves, but it also covers any defects that we may have on our physical body - thus, if a person has a scar or burn mark on his body, the clothing will cover this from others around him and thus, they would not know that he has such a physical 'defect'.

The husband and wife are to play the same role in relation to one another. If the wife has spiritual defects or lacks something in her character, then the husband must cover these up and not expose her shortcomings to others. The wife too, must cover up and hide her husband's deficiencies and weaknesses and protect her mate. Not only has Allah (SwT) commanded the believers not to make fun of one another and not to mock or ridicule others, but they are also supposed to protect the honour and integrity of one another.

In the 30th Surah of the Qur’an, ar-Rum, Allah (SwT) tells us that:

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ مَوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

"And one of His signs is that He has created for you, spouses from amongst yourselves so that you might take comfort in them and He has placed between you, love and mercy. In this there is surely evidence (of the truth) for the people who carefully think." (30:21).

In this verse we see that Allah (SwT) regards the creation of spouses - the husband and wife - as a sign of His greatness. Not only has Allah (SwT) created these two individuals, but in order for there to be peace and harmony between the two of them, He himself has placed love and mercy between them so that they can live a life of tranquility.

In Surah al-Nisa:1, Allah (SwT) addresses all of mankind - Muslim, Christian, Jew, Non-Believer - by stating:

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يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا

"Oh mankind! Have consciousness of your Lord who has created you from a single soul. From it He created your spouse and through them He populated the land with many men and women. Have spiritual awareness of the One by whose Name you swear to settle your differences and have respect for the wombs that bore you. Without doubt, Allah (SwT) keeps watch over you all."(4:1).

Again in this verse of the Qur’an, we are once again reminded that it is Allah (SwT) who created mankind and then made its spouse and through these two has the world become populated. It goes without saying that it is only through the natural act of marriage between a man and woman that children can be brought into this world as all others forms of "marriage" are deviations that can never produce a child and thus, an increase in the population.

The noble ahadith are also replete with traditions narrated from the Prophet (S) and his immediate successors, some of which we present below.

قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلّمَ): مِنْ سُنَّتِي أَلتَّزْوِيجُ فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي.

The Messenger of Allah (S) has said, "Of my tradition is to marry. So then whoever turns away from my tradition (Sunnah) is not from me (my nation)."

In this famous tradition mentioned in all books of Islamic narration, the Prophet (S) clearly spelled it out to the believers that in order to stay on his path which is the true path of salvation, we must marry - not only the youth who are getting married for the first time - but also older people who may have divorced or lost a spouse must also marry in order to remain on the Sunnah of the Prophet (S).

قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلّمَ): ما بُنِيَ بِناءَ فِي الإِسْلامِ أَحَبُّ إِلى اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلّ مِنَ التَّزْوِيجِ.

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The Messenger of Allah (S) has said, "There is no foundation that has been built in Islam more loved by Allah, (The Greatest and Noblest) than marriage."

This hadith shows us the great importance that Allah (SwT) and His Messenger (S) have placed on marriage, such that it is the most loved foundation or establishment upon which the Muslim man and woman can build their life upon. If such a foundation is built with love, honesty, sincerity and true faith in Allah (SwT) and all that He has commanded, then there is nothing that could destroy such a firm building.

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ): جاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلى أَبِي فَقالَ لَهُ: هَلَ لَكَ زَوْجَةٌ؟ قالَ لا. قالَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلامُ): لا أُحِبُّ أَنّ لِيَ الدُّنْيا وَما فِيها وَإِنِّي أُبِيتُ لَيْلَةً لَيْسَ لِي زَوْجَةٌ.

It has been narrated from Abi Abdillah that, "A man once came to my father. My father asked him, "Are you married?" The man replied, 'No.' My father (as) replied, 'I would not love to have the world and all that is contained within it if it meant I had to spend one night without a woman (beside me).'"

This saying from our sixth Imam (as) shows the importance that the rightful successors of the Prophet (S) placed on marriage. In this hadith, we are told that the Imam (as) would not even trade all the beauties and material treasures that exist in the world, if it means that he had to spend even one night alone! This may point to the fact that the evil whisperings of Shaitan may penetrate a single man or woman to go towards the prohibited and thus, contaminate his or her faith and belief.

*****

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ مَوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

"And of His signs is that He has created spouses for yourselves from your own selves so you might take comfort in them and He has created love and mercy among both of you. In this there is evidence (of the truth) for the people who (carefully) think." (30:21).

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FAQs

What Allah says about marriage in Quran? ›

You are the Almighty, . Most Wise. [30:21]. Among His proofs is that He created for you spouses from among yourselves, in order to have tranquility and contentment with each other, and He placed in your hearts love and care towards your spouses.

What does the prophet say about marriage? ›

The Holy Qur'an stresses upon the people to marry as it is the most effective means whereby one can lead a virtuous life free from immorality and emotional inhibition. The Holy Qur'an says: "They (your wives) are as a garment to you, and you are as a garment to them" (ii. 187).

What is Sunnah way marriage? ›

The Sunnah way of Islamic marriage is to perform the Nikah in a Mosque with simplicity and in the presence of very close relatives. The family of both the bride and groom can feed the poor and any traveller who crosses by.

Which verse in the Quran talks about marrying more than one wife? ›

In the second part of Verse 4:3, the Qu'ran states "but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice." If a man cannot deal justly with more than one wife, then he must marry ...

What is importance of marriage in Islam? ›

From Islamic point of view, marriage is a religious duty, a moral safeguard and a social commitment. Islam views it as a strong bond terming by Mithaqun Ghaleez that means a challenging commitment. It is a commitment to the dignified meaning full survival of the human race.

What does the Quran say about marriage problems? ›

As the Prophet (peace be upon him) once said: “Marriage is my precept and practice. Those who do not follow my practice are not among me.” X Research source But just because Allah has gifted us with marriage does not mean that it is always easy. If you're experiencing issues in your marriage, we're here to help.

What is the purpose of marriage? ›

Purposes. Most Protestant denominations hold marriage to be ordained by God for the union between a man and a woman. They see the primary purposes of this union as intimate companionship, rearing children and mutual support for both husband and wife to fulfill their life callings.

What is importance of marriage? ›

Marriage is the beginning—the beginning of the family—and is a life-long commitment. It also provides an opportunity to grow in selflessness as you serve your wife and children. Marriage is more than a physical union; it is also a spiritual and emotional union. This union mirrors the one between God and His Church.

What does the Quran say about love before marriage? ›

Generally, Muslims are told not to meet their spouse before marriage and are condemned from questioning this mentality. In truth, Islam teaches us love is kind, nourishing and pure. Meeting a spouse before marriage is wholly permitted and allowed if done with the right intentions and appropriately.

What are the requirements for marriage in Islam? ›

In Islam, marriage is considered both a social agreement and a legal contract.
...
Marriage Contract Conditions
  • Consent. Both the groom and the bride must consent to the marriage, both verbally and in writing. ...
  • Mahr. ...
  • Witnesses. ...
  • Prenuptial Contract Conditions.
Apr 30, 2018

How many types of marriage are in Islam? ›

Some purposes include; companionship, reproduction, stability, security, joint economic resources, physical assistance in labor and “love.” Marriages are of two types; monogamous and polygamous.

What are the steps of marriage in Islam? ›

Here are the rituals that Islamic weddings follow.
  1. Salatul Ishtikara. This is a pre-wedding ritual in which the Imam performs a prayer to seek Allah's blessings for the marriage. ...
  2. Imam Zamin. This follows the Salatul Ishtikara. ...
  3. Mangni. We all know mangni is the engagement. ...
  4. Manjha. ...
  5. Mehendi. ...
  6. Sanchaq. ...
  7. Baraat. ...
  8. Welcome.
Jan 4, 2019

Is it haram to marry more than 4 wives? ›

The position of Islam on polygamy is clear: a man is legally permitted to have up to four wives. However, this permission is restricted by the Quran's saying that justice must be done, and if a man fears injustice, he must be content with one wife only.

What does Quran 4 34 say? ›

"Men are qawwamun in relation to women, according to what God has favored some over others and according to what they spend from their wealth. Righteous women are qanitat, guarding the unseen according to what God has guarded. Those [women] whose nushuz you fear, admonish them, and abandon them in bed, and strike them.

Can a woman have multiple husbands? ›

polyandry, marriage of a woman to two or more men at the same time; the term derives from the Greek polys, “many,” and anēr, andros, “man.” When the husbands in a polyandrous marriage are brothers or are said to be brothers, the institution is called adelphic, or fraternal, polyandry.

How can we resolve marital disputes discuss it according to the Holy Quran and Sunnah? ›

What Is The Best Way To Resolve A Marital Conflict? - Shaykh Dr. Yasir ...

Why is marriage important to God? ›

God instituted the husband-wife relationship as an equal partnership with Adam and Eve (see Genesis 2:24). Marriage is central to God's plan for our happiness during this life and our eternal happiness in the life hereafter.

What are the 3 purpose of marriage? ›

Three Gifts of Marriage: Companionship, Passion and Purpose.

What are the 3 types of marriage? ›

On the basis of number of mates marriage may be classified into three types such as Monogamy, Polygamy and Endogamy or group marriage.

What is the most important thing in marriage? ›

Honesty and Trust.

Honesty and trust become the foundation for everything in a successful marriage. But unlike most of the other essentials on this list, trust takes time. You can become selfless, committed, or patient in a moment, but trust always takes time.

Is it OK to kiss before marriage in Islam? ›

Sexual, lustful, and affectionate acts such as kissing, touching, staring, etc. are haram in Islam before marriage because these are considered portions of zina, which lead to the actual zina itself.

Is it haram to fall in love before marriage? ›

Marrying someone you love is not Islamically wrong. One can have feelings of affection, attraction, admiration for another individual. This hadith indicates that love before marriage does exist. It's not wrong to have feelings, like someone or experience love towards them and want to marry them.

Can you date before marriage in Islam? ›

In the Islamic religion, however, having any type of sexual contact before the wedding ceremony is prohibited. This gives Muslim women and men a unique experience when dating compared to many non-Muslims.

Is a nikah a legal marriage? ›

Your nikah is a valid marriage under English law. If your relationship ends, you need to file for a civil divorce to end the marriage under English Law. Which brings us to Islamic divorce.

Can I remarry my wife after divorce in Islam? ›

Although it is not encouraged, most Muslims agree that divorce is permitted if a marriage has broken down, and generally Muslims are permitted to re-marry if they so wish.

Can we do second marriage without divorce in Islam? ›

A Muslim man may get married more than once without divorcing his earlier wife, but the same does not apply to a Muslim lady. A Muslim lady has to divorce her first husband, either under the Muslim Personal Law or under the provisions of the Muslim Marriages Act, 1939, before contracting a second marriage.

What is Islamic marriage called? ›

The Nikah ceremony is the Muslim marriage ceremony. In the Islamic tradition, the marriage contract is signed during the Nikah and it's during this event that the bride and groom say, “I do.” Traditionally, the Nikah ceremony often takes place in a mosque and the leader or imam of the mosque officiates the Nikah.

Can we do nikah on phone? ›

Ulema maintain there is no such thing as nikah on phone

Though it is the in thing, ulema maintain that there is no such thing as nikah on phone. Merely taking marriage vows on phone is not valid as there is no proof and ample scope for conflict later.

What does Islam say about second marriage? ›

What is the punishment of a second marriage in Islam? There is no punishment for second marriage in Islam. The only condition for permission to marry again is that the husband is able to provide equally to both wives. The first wife cannot opt for divorce.

Why did Muhammad marry 4 wives? ›

He married each of his wives thereafter for a social or political purpose; such that he wanted to honor the pious women, or wanted the loyalty of certain tribes so that Islam would spread amongst them.

Why being the second wife is better? ›

Being someone's second wife may force you to look at your relationship in a more mature and respectful way. It can make you learn to communicate about the present and the future – because more often than not, your partner isn't looking to make the same mistakes again.

Which surah is called mother of Quran? ›

Al-Fatiha is also known by several other names, such as Al-Hamd (The Praise), As-Salah (The Prayer), Umm al-Kitab (Mother of the Book), Umm al-Quran (Mother of the Quran), Sab'a min al-Mathani (Seven Repeated Ones, from Quran 15:87), and Ash-Shifa' (The Cure).

Which surah is known as the Bride of Quran? ›

The Surah known as Aroos-ul-Quran (Bride of Quran) is?
...
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Where is Zina mentioned in Quran? ›

The four witnesses requirement for zina is revealed by Quranic verses 24:11 through 24:13 and various hadiths.

What is husband's second wife called? ›

It's called a concubine.

What do you call a man who sleeps with a married woman? ›

"Adulterer" (or "adulteress") can be used for anyone who has a sexual relationship with a person who is married to another, but again does not always imply the specific social situational that "mistress" does.

What is a walking marriage? ›

walking marriage (plural walking marriages) (anthropology) In Mosuo culture, a relationship in which partners do not live in the same household, and their children are raised by their mothers and the mothers' families.

Videos

1. Seerah of Prophet Muhammed 9 - Marriage to Khadija & Re-building Kaa'ba - Yasir Qadhi | Sept 2011
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2. MARRIAGE in islam|| hadith of Prophet (SAW) || about marriage|| muslim marriage
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3. Interfaith Marriage: What Does the Quran Teach? | Dr. Shabir Ally
(Let the Quran Speak)
4. So why did the Prophet marry Aisha? - Mufti Menk
(Mufti Menk)
5. Aisha's Marriage to The Prophet ﷺ | Shamsi at Speakers Corner
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6. MUHAMMED (pbuh) MARRIAGE TO AISHA ANSWERED
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