Learn the Meanings and See Photos of Common Tombstone Symbols (2022)

Have you ever wandered through a cemetery and wondered about the meanings of the designs carved on old gravestones? Thousands of different religious and secular symbols and emblems have adorned tombstones through the ages, indicating attitudes towards death and the hereafter, membership in a fraternal or social organization, or an individual's trade, occupation or even ethnic identity. While many of these tombstone symbols have fairly simple interpretations, it is not always easy to determine their meaning and significance. We were not present when these symbols were carved into the stone and can't claim to know our ancestors' intentions. They may have included a particular symbol for no other reason than because they thought it was pretty.

While we can only speculate what our ancestors were trying to tell us through their choice of tombstone art, these symbols and their interpretations are commonly agreed upon by gravestone scholars.


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Alpha and Omega

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Alpha (A), the first letter of the Greek alphabet, and Omega (Ω), the last letter, are often found combined into a single symbol representing Christ.

Revelation 22:13 in the King James version of the Bible says "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last." For this reason, the juxtaposed symbols often represent God's eternity, or the "beginning" and the "end." The two symbols are sometimes found used with the Chi Rho (PX) symbol. Individually, Alpha and Omega are also symbols of eternity that pre-exist Christianity.


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American Flag

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The American flag, a symbol of courage and pride, is generally found marking the grave of a military veteran in American cemeteries.


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The anchor was regarded in ancient times as a symbol of safety and was adopted by Christians as a symbol of hope and steadfastness.

The anchor also represents the anchoring influence of Christ. Some say it was used as a sort of disguised cross. The anchor also serves as a symbol for seamanship and may mark the grave of a seaman, or be used as a tribute to St. Nicholas, patron saint of seamen. And an anchor with a broken chain symbolizes the cessation of life.


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Angels found in the cemetery are a symbol of spirituality. They guard the tomb and are thought to be messengers between God and man.

The angel, or "messenger of God," may appear in many different poses, each with its own individual meaning. An angel with open wings is thought to represent the flight of the soul to heaven. Angels may also be shown carrying the deceased in their arms as if taking or escorting them to heaven. A weeping angel symbolizes grief, especially mourning an untimely death. An angel blowing a trumpet may depict the day of judgment. Two specific angels can often be identified by the instruments they carry - Michael by his sword and Gabriel with her horn.


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Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks

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This symbol, generally represented by an elk head and the letters BPOE represents membership in the Benevolent Protective Order of the Elks.

The Elks are one of the largest and most active fraternal organizations in the United States, with over one million members. Their emblem often incorporates a clock tolling the eleventh hour, directly behind the representation of the elk head to represent the "Eleven O'Clock Toast" ceremony conducted at every BPOE meeting and social function.


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A book found on a cemetery tombstone can represent many different things, including the book of life, often represented as the Bible.

A book on a gravestone may also depict learning, a scholar, a prayer, memory, or someone who worked as a writer, bookseller, or publisher. Books and scrolls can also represent the Evangelists.


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Calla Lily

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A symbol reminiscent of the Victorian era, the calla lily represents majestic beauty and is often used to represent marriage or resurrection.


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Celtic Cross or Irish Cross

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The Celtic or Irish cross, taking the form of a cross within a circle, generally represents eternity.


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Column, Broken

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A broken column indicates a life cut short, a memorial to the death of someone who died young or in the prime of life, before reaching old age.

Some columns you encounter in the cemetery may be broken due to damage or vandalism, but many columns are intentionally carved in the broken form.


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Daughters of Rebekah

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The entwined letters D and R, the crescent moon, the dove and the three-link chain are all common symbols of the Daughters of Rebekah.

The Daughters of Rebekah is the female auxiliary or ladies branch of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. The Rebekah Branch was established in America in 1851 after much controversy regarding the inclusion of women as Odd Fellow members in the Order. The branch was named after the Rebekah from the Bible whose unselfishness at the well represents the virtues of the society.

Other symbols commonly associated with the Daughters of Rebekah include the beehive, the moon (sometimes embellished with seven stars), the dove and the white lily. Collectively, these symbols represent the feminine virtues of industriousness at home, order and the laws of nature, and innocence, gentleness, and purity.


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Seen in both Christian and Jewish cemeteries, the dove is a symbol of resurrection, innocence and peace.

An ascending dove, as pictured here, represents the transport of the departed's soul to heaven. A dove descending represents a descent from heaven, assurance of a safe passage. A dove lying dead symbolizes a life cut prematurely short. If the dove is holding an olive branch, it symbolizes that the soul has reached divine peace in heaven.


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Draped Urn

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After the cross, the urn is one of the most commonly used cemetery monuments. The design represents a funeral urn and is thought to symbolize immortality.

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Cremation was an early form of preparing the dead for burial. In some periods, especially classical times, it was more common than burial. The shape of the container in which the ashes were placed may have taken the form of a simple box or a marble vase, but no matter what it looked like it was called an "urn," derived from the Latin uro, meaning "to burn."

As burial became a more common practice, the urn continued to be closely associated with death. The urn is commonly believed to testify to the death of the body and the dust into which the dead body will change, while the spirit of the departed eternally rests with God.

The cloth draping the urn symbolically guarded the ashes. The shroud-draped urn is believed by some to mean that the soul has departed the shrouded body for its trip to heaven. Others say that the drape signifies the last partition between life and death.


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Eastern Orthodox Cross

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The Eastern Orthodox Cross is distinctively different from other Christian crosses, with the addition of two extra cross beams.

The Eastern Orthodox Cross is also referred to as the Russian, Ukraine, Slavic and Byzantine Cross. The top beam of the cross represents the plaque bearing Pontius Pilate's inscription INRI (Jesus the Nazorean, King of the Jews). The slanted beam on the bottom, generally sloping down from left to right, is a bit more subjective in meaning. One popular theory (circa the eleventh century) is that it represents a footrest and the slant symbolizes a balance scale showing the good thief, St. Dismas, having accepted Christ would ascend to heaven, while the bad thief who rejected Jesus would descend to hell.


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Hands - Pointing Finger

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A hand with the index finger pointing upward symbolizes the hope of heaven, while a hand with forefinger pointing down represents God reaching down for the soul.

Seen as an important symbol of life, hands carved into gravestones represent the deceased's relationships with other human beings and with God. Cemetery hands tend to be shown doing one of four things: blessing, clasping, pointing, and praying.


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The horseshoe can symbolize protection from evil, but may also symbolize an individual whose profession or passion involved horses.


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Ivy & Vines

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Ivy carved into a tombstone is said to represent friendship, fidelity and immortality.

The hardy, evergreen leaf of the ivy denotes immortality and rebirth or regeneration. Just try and dig out the ivy in your garden to see how tough it is!


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Knights of Pythias

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Heraldic shields and coats of armor on a tombstone are often a sign that it marks the spot of a fallen Knight of Pythias.

The Order of Knights of Pythias is an international fraternal organization which was founded in Washington D.C. on February 19, 1864, by Justus H. Rathbone. It began as a secret society for government clerks. At its peak, the Knights of Pythias had close to one million members.

Symbols of the organization often include the letters F B C - which stand for friendship, benevolence and charity the ideals and principles which the order promotes. You may also see the skull and crossbones within a heraldic shield, a knight's helmet or the letters KP or K of P (Knights of Pythias) or IOKP (Independent Order of Knights of Pythias).


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Laurel Wreath

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Laurel, especially when fashioned in the shape of a wreath, is a common symbol found in the cemetery. It can represent victory, distinction, eternity or immortality.


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The lion serves as a guardian in the cemetery, protecting a tomb from unwanted visitors and evil spirits. It symbolizes the courage and bravery of the departed.

Lions in the cemetery can usually be found sitting on top of vaults and tombs, watching over the final resting place of the departed. They also represent the courage, power, and strength of the deceased individual.


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Oak Leaves & Acorns

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The mighty oak tree,often represented as oak leaves and acorns, signifies strength, honor, longevity and steadfastness.


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Olive Branch

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The olive branch, often depicted in the mouth of a dove, symbolizes peace - that the soul has departed in the peace of God.

The association of the olive branch with wisdom and peace originates in Greek mythology where the goddess Athena gave an olive tree to the city that was to become Athens. Greek ambassadors carried on the tradition, offering an olive branch of peace to indicate their good intentions. An olive leaf also makes an appearance in the story of Noah.

The olive tree is also known to represent longevity, fertility, maturity, fruitfulness and prosperity.


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Sleeping Child

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A sleeping child was often used to signify death during the Victorian era. As expected, it generally decorates the grave of a baby or young child.

Figures of sleeping babies or children often appear with very few clothes, symbolizing that young, innocent children had nothing to cover up or hide.


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The Sphinx, featuring the head and torso of a human grafted to the body of a lion, guards the tomb.

This popular neo-Egyptian design is sometimes found in modern cemeteries. The male Egyptian sphinx is modeled after the Great Sphinx at Giza. The female, often appearing bare-breasted, is the Greek Sphinx.


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Square & Compass

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The most common of the Masonic symbols is the compass and square standing for faith and reason.

The square in the Masonic square and compass is a builder's square, used by carpenters and stonemasons to measure perfect right angles. In Masonry, this is a symbol of the ability to use the teachings of conscience and morality to measure and verify the rightness of one's actions.

The compass is used by builders to draw circles and lay off measurements along a line. It is used by the Masons as a symbol of self-control, the intention to draw a proper boundary around personal desires and to remain within that boundary line.

The letter G usually found in the center of the square and compass is said to represent "geometry" or "God."


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Torch, Inverted

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The inverted torch is a true cemetery symbol, symbolizing life in the next realm or a life extinguished.

A lit torch represents life, immortality and the everlasting life. Conversely, an inverted torch represents death, or the passing of the soul into the next life. Generally the inverted torch will still bear a flame, but even without the flame it still represents a life extinguished.


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Tree Trunk Tombstone

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A tombstone in the shape of a tree trunk is symbolic of the brevity of life.

The number of broken branches appearing on the tree trunk may indicate deceased family members buried at that site, as in this interesting example from Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh.


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In its generic form, as pictured here, the wheel represents the cycle of life, enlightenment, and divine power. A wheel might also represent a wheelwright.

Specific types of wheel symbols that might be found in the cemetery include the eight-spoked Buddhist wheel of righteousness, and the circular eight-spoked wheel of the Church of World Messianity, with alternating fat and thin spokes.

Or, as with all cemetery symbols, it could just be a pretty decoration.


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Woodmen of the World

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This symbol signifies membership in the Woodmen of the World fraternal organization.

The Woodmen of the World fraternal organization was formed from the Modern Woodmen of the World in 1890 for the purpose of providing life insurance death benefits to its members.

A stump or log, axe, wedge, maul, and other woodworking motifs are commonly seen on Woodmen of the World symbols. Sometimes you'll also see a dove carrying an olive branch, as in the symbol shown here. The phrase "Dum Tacet Clamat," meaning though silent he speaks is also often found on WOW grave markers.


What do symbols on gravestones mean?

A hand with the index finger pointing upward symbolizes the hope of heaven, while a hand with forefinger pointing down represents God reaching down for the soul. Seen as an important symbol of life, hands carved into gravestones represent the deceased's relationships with other human beings and with God.

What is the symbol of grave?

Grave accent
Grave accent
In UnicodeU+0300 ◌̀ COMBINING GRAVE ACCENT (diacritic)
See also
U+0060 ` GRAVE ACCENT (symbol) U+02CB ˋ MODIFIER LETTER GRAVE ACCENT (diacritic)

What does æ mean on a gravestone?

Inscriptions and epitaphs

The inscription on a tombstone is generally pretty straightforward, when it's legible, but occasionally it's got its own language. For example, Ætatis Suae (“Æ” or “AS”) means “at his/her age” and is usually followed by the deceased's age.

What does broken chains on a tombstone mean?

The epitaph on the gravestone is “UNITED ABOVE.” Like much of the funerary art, the broken link of a chain represents the life that was ended. The message being conveyed is that death separates us, the circle of life is broken here on Earth, but we will be re-united in Heaven. UNITED ABOVE.

How do you read old gravestones?

And if you can draw a line in the vertical center of the stone wherever it is that's about the level

What does a snake in the grave mean?

Lamb: Often a symbol of innocence and youth, it's used predominantly on the graves and urns of children. Snake: Or, serpent, this animal, despite its nefarious reference in the Bible, has come to represent eternity and rebirth.

What is this symbol called?

This table contains special characters.
SymbolName of the symbolSimilar glyphs or concepts
/SlashDivision sign, Backslash
/SolidusDivision sign
Sound recording copyright symbolCopyright sign
Square lozengeCurrency sign
89 more rows

What does a finger pointing down on a gravestone mean?

Research also revealed that the downward-pointing hand, without chain, does indeed exist as a gravestone symbol—but signifies not damnation but only a sudden death, or the finger of God coming down to select someone to take to heaven.

What does skull and crossbones mean on a gravestone?

A skull and crossbones is a symbol consisting of a human skull and two long bones crossed together under or behind the skull. The design originated in the Late Middle Ages as a symbol of death and especially as a memento mori on tombstones.

What is an A and E joined together called?

Æ (lowercase: æ) is a character formed from the letters a and e, originally a ligature representing the Latin diphthong ae. It has been promoted to the status of a letter in some languages, including Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic, and Faroese. It was also used in Old Swedish before being changed to ä.

What does a water bottle at a grave mean?

The graveyard is littered with plastic bottles. They are piled around the inside of the low wall. My sixteen year old daughter is crying at her father's grave as she watches her uncle pour water from his plastic bottle onto the tomb stone. 'The water symbolises our tears,' he says in French.

What do clovers mean on a grave?

The three leaves of the clover represent the Trinity–the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Beech Grove Cemetery, Bedford, Indiana. The four-leaf clover is not a commonly seen gravestone symbol. The four-leaf clover is universally recognized as a symbol of good luck.

What does 3 chain links mean?

The three-link chain is the main symbol of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and its presence on a cemetery tombstone, gravemarker or monument indicates that the deceased belonged to this fraternal organization. The three links represent friendship, love and truth.

What is the difference between a gravestone and a tombstone?

Originally, a tombstone was the stone lid of a stone coffin, or the coffin itself, and a gravestone was the stone slab that was laid over a grave. Now, all three terms are also used for markers placed at the head of the grave.

Is there a tombstone Emoji?

Often paired with other death-related emoji like ⚰️ Coffin and ☠️ Skull and Crossbones. Headstone was approved as part of Unicode 13.0 in 2020 and added to Emoji 13.0 in 2020.

How do you rub a gravestone?

Use lightweight paper like newsprint rice paper or vellum tissue for the best results. Step 5 rub

What does an hour glass on a headstone mean?

Hourglasses represent the passing of time and the end of a person's time on earth. A winged hourglass on a gravestone is a symbol of the fleetingness of life.

Why do we put crosses on graves?

With regard to its use on headstones, grave markers, and memorials, the cross most likely symbolizes that the deceased was a Christian, as well as his or her hope of new life in heaven.

How do you read a symbol?

We usually here press the star. Key dollar sign % or percent symbol caret ampersand or and

What does 3 mean?

The emoticon <3. means "Love." The characters < and 3 (which literally mean "less than three") form a picture of a heart on its side, which is used as an emoticon, meaning "love." For example: Sam: <3. Ali: <3.

What does this symbol mean?

What is the symbol for mean as it mean like the word average.

What does an upside down star on a grave mean?

“The star itself stands for Order of the Eastern Star — the eastern star that lead the three wise men to the manger to Christ and Mary. It's associated a lot with Mary, that's why the females have this as their symbol. It's upside down because it was pointing the way for the wisemen — there's nothing bad about it.

What does a cross with a circle around it mean on a headstone?

The circle is an ancient symbol of eternity, often found on Christian graves together with a cross. The circle has no beginning or end and may also symbolise resurrection.

What does a star mean on a headstone?

Star: In headstone inscriptions, stars represent divine guidance. There are usually two different kinds of stars that you might see on headstones. A five pointed star represents the Star of Bethlehem. A six pointed star stands for the power of God's creation.

What does an upside down torch mean?

TORCH WITH FLAME (INVERTED) - The inverted torch represents death or a life extinguished. The inverted torch with the flame still burning represents the death of the flesh, but the eternal life of the soul.

What does skull with wings mean?

A skull with wings comes from hundreds of years of art culture and represents the Latin saying “Memento Mori,” which translates to the remembrance of our own death. This can represent, once again, our mortality, or also symbolize a sense of character growth. As in, the death of a bad habit or quality in ourselves.

What does the skull with angel wings mean?

Over time, the skull and crossbones gave way to winged skull gravestone symbols. The wings were symbolic of a soul fleeing mortality. It added a message of hope and resurrection. The gravestone above, from a graveyard in Salem, Massachusetts, combines the skull and cross bones with a pair of feather-like wings.

How do you pronounce œ?

The Πis pronounced more or less according to the same rules as 'EU'. In general, if it's in an open syllable, it sounds like the 'U' in "full": listen. In a closed syllable, it is pronounced with the mouth just a little more open: listen.

What is this ø called?

Ø (or minuscule: ø) is a letter used in the Danish, Norwegian, Faroese, and Southern Sámi languages. It is mostly used as a representation of mid front rounded vowels, such as [ø] and [œ], except for Southern Sámi where it is used as an [oe] diphthong.

What is this called œ?

Œ (minuscule: œ) is a Latin alphabet grapheme, a ligature of o and e. In medieval and early modern Latin, it was used to represent the Greek diphthong οι and in a few non-Greek words, usages that continue in English and French.

Why do people leave cigarettes at graves?

Tobacco was placed at graves as an offering to the departed spirit. Requests to elders to relate oral traditions or other special knowledge were accompanied with a gift of tobacco.

Why do people leave chocolate on graves?

One reason people place stones on graves is that they believe it keeps the soul down. This theory, with roots in the Talmud, cites that souls continue to dwell for a while in the graves in which they are placed.

Why do we leave flowers on a grave?

The practice of leaving flowers at graves began thousands of years ago when the ancient Greeks would honor fallen warriors. They believed that if the flowers rooted into the ground and grew from the gravesite, it was a sign that the fallen had found peace.

What does a black 4 leaf clover mean?

Some legends say that the four leaves stand for faith, hope, love, and luck. Others say that four-leaf clovers granted the power to see fairies, or that they're lucky because St.

What does a snake symbolize?

Ever since Eve's transgression in the Garden of Eden, snakes in Christian tradition have been associated with lies, evil and temptation. But in other cultures, as far-flung as ancient Greece and Egypt and indigenous North America, snakes symbolize fertility, rebirth, renewal and even immortality.

What signifies death?

Certain animals such as crows, cats, owls, moths, vultures and bats are associated with death; some because they feed on carrion, others because they are nocturnal. Along with death, vultures can also represent transformation and renewal.

What is the symbolic meaning of fire?

Fire often symbolizes eternity and forever. It is commonly referred to as the 'eternal flame' which refers to the symbolic flame that protects life. It is believed that as long as the flame continues to burn, life will remain forever in the world.


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